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Publications by [Kramer G. J. E.]

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Many large cities around the world are subjected to seismic ground shaking. As these cities grow, more and more tunnels will be constructed to facilitate the movement of people, goods, and services. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the use and performance ...
Reference: IAEG2006, The Geological Society of London 2006
<p>This paper describes the development and implementation of a two-dimensional, plane strain finite element model to calculate both the stress and time dependent ground and lining interaction using a numerical stepwise <br />integration of the tunnel construction ...
Reference: K. Y. Lo Symposium, The University of Western Ontario, July 7-8, 2005