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GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN WITH APPARENT SEISMIC SAFETY FACTORS WELL-BELLOW 1 (2014)
The paper demonstrates that whereas often in seismic geotechnical design it is not realistically feasible to design with ample factor of safety against failure as is done in static design, an “engineering” apparent seismic factor of safety less than 1 does not imply failure. Examples from slope stability and foundation rocking illustrate the concept. It is also shown that in many cases it may be beneﬁcial to under-design the foundation by accepting substantial uplifting and/or full mobilization of bearing capacity failure mechanisms.
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 57 (2014) 37–45
National Technical University of Athens