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EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF TUNNEL VENTILATION AXIAL DUCTED FAN PERFORMANCE
To investigate traffic tunnel ventilation flows, a scaled model of a traffic tunnel with longitudinal ventilation system based on ducted fans is used. Flows in tunnels are influenced by tunnel geometry, fan characteristics, ventilation operation scenario, vehicle traffic, atmospheric factors, etc. To analyze flow fields of tunnels in detail, knowledge of tunnel jet-fan properties and turbulent flow characteristics at the fan exit are required, and can be used as input data for computer fluid dynamics boundary conditions of tunnel flow computation. For this purpose experimental measurements were done using the hot wire anemometry technique. The obtained results, trough ensemble-averaged and time averaged profiles of all velocity components, turbulence intensity, turbulent kinetic energy, integral flow length scales, available Reynolds stresses, turbulent kinetic energy production rates, and the fan thrust performance, are presented. These data allow us to analyze in more detail the influence of fan flow on energy and pollutant removal efficiencies of the tunnel ventilation and to evaluate accuracy of computer fluid dynamics studies on fan improvements.
THERMAL SCIENCE, Year 2016, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 209-221
Laboratory for Turbulent Flows, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro