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MONITORING AND EVALUATING THE SEDIMENTATION PROCESS IN MOSUL DAM RESERVOIR USING TRAP EFFICIENCY APPROACHES (2015)
Reservoirs are usually exposed to sediment accumulation problems that will lead to reduction in their storage capacity. This problem directly affects the performance of the dams and causes shortage of their useful life. The simplest technique to estimate sediment deposition rate is using sediment rating curve with sediment trapping efficiency (TE) of the reservoir. Many empirical and semi-empirical approaches have been suggested for to determine this term depending on the annual inflow rate, reservoir characteristics and features of the catchments area. In this study six different empirical methods depending on the residence time principle (water retention time) were used. These approaches were reviewed and applied to determine TE of Mosul dam reservoir (MDR) for period 1986 to 2011.
Engineering, 2015, 7, 190-202
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden