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TECHNICAL MANUAL FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD TUNNELS - CIVIL ELEMENTS (2009)
The increased use of underground space for transportation systems and the increasing complexity and constraints of constructing and maintaining above ground transportation infrastructure have prompted the need to develop this technical manual. This FHWA manual is intended to be a single-source technical manual providing guidelines for planning, design, construction and rehabilitaion of road tunnels, and encompasses various types of road tunnels including mined, bored, cut-and-cover, immersed, and jacked box tunnels. The scope of the manual is primarily limited to the civil elements of road tunnels.
Publication No. FHWA-NHI-10-034, December 2009