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WESTERN GREECE AND IONIAN SEA PETROLEUM SYSTEMS (2013)
In western Greece, the Ionian and pre-Apulian zones represent, respectively, the basin and the transitional zone (slope) to the Apulian platform. The Apulian platform constitutes the weakly deformed foreland of the external Hellenides. The pre-Apulian zone appears in the Ionian Islands and the eastern Ionian Sea, whereas the Apulian platform is exclusively found in the Ionian Sea. The Ionian zone consists of Triassic evaporites, Jurassic– upper Eocene (mostly pelagic carbonates, minor cherts, and shales), overlain by the Oligocene flysch. Organic rich source rocks occur within Triassic evaporites and Jurassic–Cretaceous pelagic argillaceous-siliceous rocks. The pre-Apulian zone consists of Triassic to Miocene deposits, mainly mixed neritic-pelagic carbonates. Hydrocarbon source rocks include pelagic and hemipelagic deposits rich in marine organic material, although terrigenous organic matter is also found in siliciclastic layers. Apulian platform source rocks are mainly the organic-rich shales within the Triassic Burano evaporites.
AAPG Bulletin, v. 97, no. 9 (September 2013), pp. 1567–1595
Department of Geology and Geoenvironment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece