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THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF DIAPHRAGM WALLS FOR TOP-DOWN CONSTRUCTION (2009)
The Tugun Bypass Tunnel in Gold Coast, Australia was constructed using diaphragm walls with the top-down cut-and-cover method to allow simultaneous construction of an airport runway extension above the tunnel, whilst excavation of the tunnel continued underneath. The tunnel was built in an environment of high groundwater table and deep deposits of alluvial and estuarine soils with the toes of the walls founded in soil deposits. There was a potential risk for differential settlements between the diaphragm wall panels, caused by the runway fill placed over the tunnel roof during excavation. Three-dimensional numerical modelling was undertaken to predict the differential settlements of the tunnel with considerations of varying subsurface profile, staged excavation and dewatering, non-uniform loading and complex soil-structure interaction. Field instrumentation and monitoring was implemented to confirm numerical predictions.
Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground – Ng, Huang & Liu (eds), © 2009 Taylor & Francis Group, London
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